The Declaration by the United Nations
The Declaration by the United Nations was a joint document issued in Washington D. C. on January 1, 1942, by 26 nations, including China, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, on the establishment of an anti-fascist alliance. The signatories to the Declaration endorsed the principles of the Atlantic Charter, and pledged to make combined efforts to defeat German, Italian and Japanese fascist aggression, and not to make a separate armistice or peace with the enemies until their unconditional surrender. China signed the document as one of the anti-fascist Allied “Big Four.”
The Declaration by the United Nations was the first joint framework document for the Allied nations in their fight against German, Italian and Japanese fascist states during the Second World War. It marked the official formation of an anti-fascist alliance, boosted the morale of the peoples of the world in their anti-fascist struggle, and laid a foundation for the final victory.